PT Inco Nickel Mine and Smelter

Inco Ltd.
EDC: loans of $60 and $200 million[1]
CPP: $130 million[2]

For thirty years Inco enjoyed a cozy relationship with the repressive and corrupt Suharto regime.[3]

Members of the Karonsi’e Dongi and Sorowako indigenous communities lost their most productive agricultural land when the PT Inco mine was built, and they received paltry compensation in return.[4] Mining activity has degraded land and water resources,[5] and initial monitoring suggests that smelter emissions affect air quality in neighbouring communities.[6] Despite apparent efforts by Inco to resolve community claims in recent years, protesting residents report being threatened and intimidated by the Indonesian military and police.[7]

[1] NGO Working Group on the EDC. Seven Deadly Secrets: What the Export Development Canada does not want you to know. January 2003. 

[2] CPP Investment Board Canadian Equity Holdings as of March 31, 2006.

[3] NGO Working Group on the EDC. Seven Deadly Secrets: What the Export Development Canada does not want you to know. January 2003.

[4] Ballard, Chris. Human Rights and the Mining Sector in Indonesia: A Baseline Study. IIED and World Business Council for Sustainable Development. October 2001.

[5] Ibid.

[6] Glynn, Tracy. Community-Based Research on the Environmental and Human Health Impacts of a Laterite Nickel Mine and Smelter in Sorowako, Indonesia. A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science (Environmental Science). Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland. January 2006.

[7] KRAPASKAD (Karonsi'e Dongi Community Alliance). Ethnocide of the Sorowako Karonsi'e Dongi People. 2003.

Robinson, Kathryn. Stepchildren of Progress: The Political Economy of Development in an Indonesian Mining Town. State University of New York Press. 1986.